More than four million Palestinian refugees live in protracted exile across the Middle East. Taking a regional approach to Palestinian refugee exile and alienation across the Levant, this book proposes a new understanding of the spatial and political dimensions of refugee camps across the Middle East. Combining critical scholarship with ethnographic insight, the essays uncover host states’ marginalisation of stateless refugees and shed light on new terminology on refugees, migration and diaspora studies. The impact on the refugee community is detailed in novel studies of refugee identity, memory and practice and new legal approaches to compensation and "right of return". The book opens a critical debate on key concepts and proposes a new understanding of the spatial and political dimensions of refugee camps, better understood as laboratories of Palestinian society and "state-in-making". This strong collection of original essays is an essential resource for scholars and students in refugee studies, forced migration, disaster studies, legal anthropology, urban studies, international law and Middle East history.
Treaty Politics and the Rise of Executive Agreements
“Krutz and Peake’s book . . . puts another stake in the heart of the ‘imperial presidency’ argument.” —Lisa L. Martin, University of Wisconsin–Madison, American Review of Politics “Krutz and Peake reach their conclusions as a result of carefully crafted examination that might be cited as a model of political analysis of this sort . . . As [they] introduce each chapter with a summary of the argument as developed and supported to that point, the reader can enter into and understand their discussion and argument at virtually any point in the book. In sum, Treaty Politics and the Rise of Executive Agreements is a clearly written and important book that adds substantially to the existing literature on the presidency and on presidential-congressional relations.” —Roger E. Kanet, University of Miami, International Studies Review “One can only hope that this fine and challenging book starts an argument, or at least a dialogue, about presidential power in a post-Bush era. It merits the attention of presidency and congressional scholars, and those interested in the interaction of America’s political institutions.” —Michael A. Genovese, Loyola Marymount University, Journal of Politics
Writing the Modern History of Iraq
The modern history of Iraq is punctuated by a series of successive and radical ruptures (coups d'etat, changes of regime, military adventures and foreign invasions) whose chronological markers are relatively easy to identify. Although researchers cannot ignore these ruptures, they should also be encouraged to establish links between the moments when the breaks occur and the longue durée, in order to gain a better understanding of the period. Combining a variety of different disciplinary and methodological perspectives, this collection of essays seeks to establish some new markers which will open fresh perspectives on the history of Iraq in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and suggest a narrative that fits into new paradigms. The book covers the various different periods of the modern state (the British occupation and mandate, the monarchy, the first revolutions and the decades of Ba'thist rule) through the lens of significant groups in Iraq society, including artists, film-makers, political and opposition groups, members of ethnic and religious groups, and tribes. Contents:Introduction (Riccardo Bocco and Jordi Tejel)Dealing with the Past: Methodological Issues (Peter Sluglett):Advice from the Past: 'Ali al-Wardi on Literature and Society (Orit Bashkin)Writing the History of Iraq: The Fallacy of “Objective” History (Johan Franzén)The Sectarian Master Narrative in Iraqi Historiography (Reidar Visser)Beyond Political Ruptures: Towards a Historiography of Social Continuity in Iraq (Peter Harling)The Monarchist Era Revisited (Jordi Tejel):What Did It Mean to Be an Iraqi During the Monarchy? (Hala Fattah)From Forty-One to Qadisiyyat Saddam: Remarks on an Iraqi Realm of Memory (Peter Wien)Building the Nation Through the Production of Difference (Sara Pursley)Rethinking the Ba'thist Period (Hamit Bozarslan):Digging the Past: The Historiography of Archeology in Modern Iraq (Magnus T Bernhardsson)Totalitarianism Revisited: Framing the History of Ba'thist Iraq (Achim Rohde)How to “Turn the Page” (Fanny Lafourcade)Dealing with Victimhood: Whose Memories of Mass Violence? Between Oral and Official History:Fragmented Memory, Competing Narratives (Karin Mlodoch)The Concept of Genocide as Part of Knowledge Production in Iraqi Kurdistan (Andrea Fischer-Tahir)The 1991 Intifada in Three Keys: Writing the History of Violence (Dina Rizk Khoury)'Qadisiyat Saddam': The Gamble That Did Not Pay Off (Chérine Chams El Dine)Shi'i Actors in Post-Saddam Iraq: Partisan Historiography (Peter Sluglett):Partisan and Global Identity in the Historiography of Iraqi Religious Institutions (Robert J Riggs)Najaf and the (Re)Birth of Arab Shi'i Political Thought (Michaelle Browers)Between Action and Symbols (Elvire Corboz)The Politics of Population Movements in Contemporary Iraq: A Research Agenda (Géraldine Chatelard):The Brain Drain in Iraq After the 2003 Invasion (Joseph Sassoon)Cosmopolitanism and Iraqi Migration (Diane Duclos)Representing Iraq History Through the Arts (Hamit Bozarslan):Literary Glimpses of Modern Iraqi History and Society (Sami Zubaida)History and Fiction in the New Iraqi Cinema (Lucia Sorbera)War, Crimes and Video Tapes: Conflicting Memories in Films on Iraq (Nicolas Masson)Poetry in the Service of Nation Building? Political Commitment and Self-Assertion (Leslie Tramontini)Not Just “For Art's Sake”: Exhibiting Iraqi Art in the West After 2003 (Silvia Naef)Appendix: State of the Art on Iraqi Studies: A Bibliographical Survey of English and French Sources (Hamit Bozarslan and Jordi Tejel) Readership: Professionals, students & scholars interested in historical, social & political issues in Iraq & the Middle East. Keywords:Iraq;US Invasion;Ba'th Party;De-Ba'thification;Kurds;Shiis;SunnisKey Features:Most existing publications on Iraqi history present a succession of tragic events which would lead the reader to assume a sort of fatality in the country's evolution towards the present situationDue to deeper observation and analysis (between the local, the regional and the global; between internal and external), the authors offer, in contrast, new grids of analysis on Iraqi history rejecting a primordialist approach that establishes ethnic and sectarian borders as the self-evident reasons of the present situationContributors to this book are well-established researchers in their field
International Politics of Recognition
The origins of international conflict are often explained by security dilemmas, power-rivalries or profits for political or economic elites. Common to these approaches is the idea that human behaviour is mostly governed by material interests which principally involve the quest for power or wealth. The authors question this truncated image of human rationality. Borrowing the concept of recognition from models developed in philosophy and sociology, this book provides a unique set of applications to the problems of international conflict, and argues that human actions are often not motivated by a pursuit of utility maximisation as much as they are by a quest to gain recognition. This unique approach will be a welcome alternative to the traditional models of international conflict.
Village Steppe and State
The contributors to this text on the origins of modern Jordan have based their approach on original fieldwork and archives in Jordan, rather than on foreign archives, and avoid viewing the Jordanian state in the context of British imperial policy and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Method and Appraisal in Economics
The central problem of the essays in this volume is the problem of theory appraisal in economics. In the history of economic theory we find few widely recognised theoretical achievements and in the history of the methodology of economics we find little agreement concerning the standards by which we should judge a theory as an improvement on its predecessors.
Non state Actors in International Relations
Assessing the influence of non-governmental organizations on international and transnational politics, as well as examining the importance of non-state actors in a world of nation-states, this theoretically rich text also discusses approaches that deal with the interplay between domestic and international politics. Thorough and insightful, this text draws on perspectives and theories from political science, policy studies and international law.Using topical and original case studies which cover the fields of security, trade, social clauses, environment, development aid, civil rights and crime, this volume constitutes one of the first vigorous theoretical analyses of this important contemporary phenomenon.
To most in the West, 'al-Qaeda' is seen as a byword for terror: a deadly, highly organised fanatical group masterminded by Osama bin Laden. But does this tell the whole truth? Prize-winning journalist Jason Burke has spent a decade reporting from the heart of the Middle East and gaining unprecedented access to the world of radical Islam. Now, drawing on his frontline experience of recent events in Iraq and Afghanistan, on secret documents and astonishing interviews with intelligence officers, militants, mujahideen commanders and bin Laden's associates, he reveals the full story of al-Qaeda - and demolishes the myths that underpin the 'war on terror'. Burke demonstrates that in fact 'al-Qaeda' is merely a convenient label applied by the West to a far broader - and thus more dangerous - phenomenon of Islamic militancy, and shows how eradicating a single figure or group will do nothing to combat terrorism. Only by understanding the true, complex nature of al-Qaeda, he argues, can we address the real issues surrounding our security today.
The Park Chung Hee Era
In 1959 South Korea was mired in poverty. By 1979, it had a powerful industrial economy and a vibrant civil society that led to democracy eight years later. This volume examines the transformation as a study in the politics of modernization, contextualizing many historical ambiguities in South Korea’s trajectory toward sustainable economic growth.
Reason Freedom and Democracy in Islam
Abdolkarim Soroush has emerged as one of the leading moderate revisionist thinkers of the Muslim world. He and his contemporaries in other Muslim countries are shaping what may become Islam's equivalent of the Christian Reformation: a period of questioning traditional practices and beliefs and, ultimately, of upheaval. Presenting eleven of his essays, this volume makes Soroush's thought readily available in English for the first time. The essays set forth his views on such matters as the freedom of Muslims to interpret the Qur'an, the inevitability of change in religion, the necessity of freedom of belief, and the compatibility of Islam and democracy. Throughout, Soroush emphasizes the rights of individuals in their relationship with both government and God, explaining that the ideal Islamic state can only be defined by the beliefs and will of the majority.