L influence de l odeur des croissants chauds sur la bont humaine
Vous trouverez dans ce livre des histoires de criminels invisibles, de canots de sauvetage qui risquent de couler si on ne sacrifie pas un passager, des machines à donner du plaisir que personne n'a envie d'utiliser, de tramways fous qu'il faut arrêter par n'importe quel moyen, y compris en jetant un gros homme sur la voie. Vous y lirez des récits d'expériences montrant qu'il faut peu de choses pour se comporter comme un monstre, et d'autres expériences prouvant qu'il faut encore moins de choses pour se comporter quasiment comme un saint : une pièce de monnaie qu'on trouve dans la rue par hasard, une bonne odeur de croissants chauds qu'on respire en passant. Vous y serez confrontés à des casse-tête moraux. Est-il cohérent de dire : "ma vie est digne d'être vécue, mais j'aurais préféré de ne pas naître" ? Est-il acceptable de laisser mourir une personne pour transplanter ses organes sur cinq malades qui en ont un besoin vital ? Vaut-il mieux vivre la vie brève et médiocre d'un poulet d'élevage industriel ou ne pas vivre du tout ? Cependant, le but de ce livre n'est pas de montrer qu'il est difficile de savoir ce qui est bien ou mal, juste ou injuste. Il est de proposer une sorte de boîte à outils intellectuels pour affronter le débat moral sans se laisser intimider par les grands mots ("Dignité", "vertu", "Devoir", etc.), et les grandes déclarations de principe ("Il ne faut jamais traiter une personne comme un simple moyen", etc.). C'est une invitation à faire de la philosophie morale autrement, à penser l'éthique librement.
Human Kindness and the Smell of Warm Croissants
A beloved best-seller in France, Human Kindness and the Smell of Warm Croissants makes philosophy fun, tactile, and popular. Moral thinking is simple, Ruwen Ogien argues, and as inherent as the senses. In our daily experiences, in the situations we confront and the scenes we witness, we develop an understanding of right and wrong as sophisticated as the moral outlook of the world’s most gifted philosophers. We can draw on this knowledge to navigate life’s most perplexing problems, and ethics becomes second nature. Ogien poses nineteen real-world conundrums and explores through experimental philosophy and other methods the responses they provoke. Is a short, mediocre life better than no life at all? Is it acceptable to kill a healthy person so his organs can save five others? Would you swap a “natural” life filled with frustration, disappointment, and partial success for a world in which all of your needs are met, but through artificial and mechanical means? Ogien’s goal is not to show how difficult it is to determine right from wrong or how easy it is for humans to become monsters or react like saints. Helping us tap into the registers of wisdom and feeling we already possess in our ethical “toolboxes,” he encourages readers to question moral presuppositions and rules; embrace an intuitive sense of dignity, virtue, and justice; and pursue a pluralist ethics better suited to the principles of human kindness.
A Brief History of Thought
NATIONAL BESTSELLER Eight months on the bestseller lists in France! From the timeless wisdom of the ancient Greeks to Christianity, the Enlightenment, existentialism, and postmodernism, Luc Ferry’s instant classic brilliantly and accessibly explains the enduring teachings of philosophy—including its profound relevance to modern daily life and its essential role in achieving happiness and living a meaningful life. This lively journey through the great thinkers will enlighten every reader, young and old.
What Money Can t Buy
Should we pay children to read books or to get good grades? Should we allow corporations to pay for the right to pollute the atmosphere? Is it ethical to pay people to test risky new drugs or to donate their organs? What about hiring mercenaries to fight our wars? Auctioning admission to elite universities? Selling citizenship to immigrants willing to pay? In What Money Can't Buy, Michael J. Sandel takes on one of the biggest ethical questions of our time: Is there something wrong with a world in which everything is for sale? If so, how can we prevent market values from reaching into spheres of life where they don't belong? What are the moral limits of markets? In recent decades, market values have crowded out nonmarket norms in almost every aspect of life—medicine, education, government, law, art, sports, even family life and personal relations. Without quite realizing it, Sandel argues, we have drifted from having a market economy to being a market society. Is this where we want to be?In his New York Times bestseller Justice, Sandel showed himself to be a master at illuminating, with clarity and verve, the hard moral questions we confront in our everyday lives. Now, in What Money Can't Buy, he provokes an essential discussion that we, in our market-driven age, need to have: What is the proper role of markets in a democratic society—and how can we protect the moral and civic goods that markets don't honor and that money can't buy?
'I was twelve years old the first time I walked on water . . .' So begins Mr Vertigo, the story of Walt, an irrepressible orphan from the Mid-West. Under the tutelage of the mesmerising Master Yehudi, Walt is taken back to the mysterious house on the plains to prepare not only for the ability to fly, but also for the stardom that will accompany it. At the same time a delighted race through 1920s Americana and a richly allusive parable, Mr Vertigo is a compelling, magical novel - a work of true originality by a writer at the height of his powers. 'A virtuoso piece of storytelling by a master of the modern American fable.' The Independent
This volume revolutionized philosophy and forever altered the direction of ethical studies. It clarifies some of moral philosophy's most common confusions, redefines the science's terms, and offers compelling arguments.
An autobiographical fiction of major appeal.
How to Read a Photograph
An art appreciation introduction to photography helps readers gain a deeper understanding of great photographers and their work in a richly illustrated resource that includes biographical profiles of more than one hundred major photographers, including Stieglitz, Cartier-Bresson, and Evans--along with a history of the medium, essential styles and movements, and techniques.
Why Tolerate Religion
This provocative book addresses one of the most enduring puzzles in political philosophy and constitutional theory—why is religion singled out for preferential treatment in both law and public discourse? Why are religious obligations that conflict with the law accorded special toleration while other obligations of conscience are not? In Why Tolerate Religion?, Brian Leiter shows why our reasons for tolerating religion are not specific to religion but apply to all claims of conscience, and why a government committed to liberty of conscience is not required by the principle of toleration to grant exemptions to laws that promote the general welfare.
Taxi English edition
A best-selling modern masterpiece in the author's home country of Egypt, Taxi consists of fifty-eight fictional monologues with Cairo taxi drivers that have been recreated from the author's own experience, taking the reader on a roller-coaster of emotions as bumpy and noisy as the city's potholed and chaotic streets. Described as an urban sociology, an ethnography, a classic of oral history - and a work of poetry in motion - it tells Herculean tales of the struggle for survival and dignity among Greater Cairo's 80,000 cab drivers.